Connection between type 2 diabetes and depression
A recent study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association found a connection between type 2 diabetes and depression. The connection, according to Sherita Hill Golden, M.D., of John’s Hopkins, was found to be a “bidirectional association;” those that had diabetes were likely to develop depression and those that had depression were at risk of developing diabetes. The researchers believe that “… psychological stress associated with diabetes management may lead to elevated depressive symptoms.” Conversely, lifestyle choices associated with depression may account for increased risk of the development of diabetes. The following is an excerpt of an article from Medpage Today that reviews findings from the study:
At the same time, the investigators found a nonsignificant trend for depressed patients to develop type 2 diabetes, primarily because of lifestyle changes engendered by depression.
They concluded that the studies support a “bidirectional association” between depression and type 2 diabetes, in which each contributes to or exacerbates the other.
Patients with type 2 diabetes had an odds ratio of 1.54 (95% CI 1.13 to 2.09) of developing depressive symptoms during three to four years of follow-up, compared with participants with normal glucose, the researchers found.
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